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The Public Works budget accounts for the need to staff unexpected events. The nature of our work involves responding to unplanned circumstances that demand immediate attention. Crews are accustomed to responding on an on-call basis.
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We are not able to say with certainty the exact cause of most water main breaks. We do know that there are several factors that contribute to water main breaks: age of pipe, type of pipe, soil and construction conditions when the pipe was installed, and temperature.
Pipe age and type: We find that post World War II cast iron pipes in our system made between 1945 and 1955 have a higher occurrence of failure. Cast iron pipes accounted for 70 percent of our repairs and breaks since 1992, but made up 80 to 85 percent of our repairs and breaks in the past five years. Other cities with similar pipe vintage have similar pipe failure rates.
Temperature: As temperatures move in and out of freezing, it’s not uncommon to see breaks occur.
From 2017 to 2022, the City has averaged 23 main breaks per year. The City's average number of water main breaks is 5.54 breaks per 100 miles of pipe for the 2017-2022 period.
Water main breaks per year:
2022 – 24 breaks
2021 – 22 breaks
2020 – 18 breaks
2019 – 24 breaks
2018 – 16 breaks
2017 – 34 breaks
Depending on the type of break, it may be repaired or a section of pipe may be replaced completely. Once the break is repaired or replaced, crews will backfill the excavated site, pouring fill material from a dump truck and evenly distributing and compacting it on the work area. We will watch the repair site for a couple of days, and, then Streets crews will restore sidewalks and road surfaces to original condition. Cleanup of debris on yards and roadways is usually the same day as the break, provided we do not have freezing conditions.
The water in the pipe gets flushed through and is then disinfected for delivery. We do have a distinct process for bringing a main back in service to meet our water quality and purity standards. We flush and also provide contact time with a chlorine disinfectant. We will not reopen customer services until our water has no turbidity and meets the appropriate water quality standards.
The City has a two-prong plan to proactively address potential water main breaks. We gather and analyze data on main breaks to project what sections show a propensity to break and prioritize replacement based on that. Our Maintenance division performs routine pipe replacement, blocks at a time and uses city crews and small works contractors. Our Engineering division develops those projects with a larger scope, fitting them into our Capital Improvement Program. Current water main replacement projects can be found in the Current and Planned Projects section of the City website.
The American Water Works Association (AWWA) reports the national average is 270 water main breaks per 1000 miles of pipe (or 27 per 100 miles of pipe). The City of Everett’s average number of water main breaks is 5.54 breaks per 100 miles of pipe for the 2017-2022 period.